Wood Glue Types and their Applications


Why a proper wood glue is important?

There are many ways possible to bond two different pieces of wood or wood joints. One can use screws, nails and perhaps even joints, dowels etc. At many times, it is often recommended that one should use glue whenever possible. It is a fact that once cures, the glued joint is stronger than the wood itself, which is why the wood breaks when one tries to separate the glued joints.

There is a wide range of wood glues available on the market and thereby a lot of grades to choose from. So, it is up to one’s personal preference and the understanding of the application to choose the perfect wood glue. The choice of the wood glue depends on: The type of wood one’s working with, size of the joints etc.

If you’re just stepping in the realms of wood working, you must have a basic understanding of the type of the wood, the project you’re working on and how the final product will be used.

You don’t have to worry about how to choose the right glue for you because we’ve got you covered. Once you go through the article down, you’ll have a proper understanding on the type of the glue that you must use.

Types of Wood Glue

Carpenter’s glue, also known as yellow is glue, is the most basic type of glue used for wood applications. The application procedure of this glue is relatively simple. Before applying, the wood must be placed in the joints, taped properly. Once the joints are properly in the place, the glue should be applied from internally. The excess glue should be wiped off and the tape should be removed. The same procedure should be repeated on the other side, following the exact same steps.

Another type of glue suited for wood working is polyurethane glue. Polyurethane glue can be used for both for indoor and outdoor applications. Before applying polyurethane glue, the wood’s surface must be wetted with a damp cloth. The glue should be then applied and the joints must be put in place. The joints must be clamped and left to dry as per the manufacturer’s instructions.

White glue is a neat and simpler solution for light wood. They are best suited for paper, cardboards, leather and certain types of wood glue. White glue must be applied evenly over the surface and for the same, a paint roller is generally recommended. One advantage of white glue it takes relatively less time to dry up, mostly up to an hour with clamps and supports.

Epoxy glue is generally preferred for most of the wood applications. They can be used to glue improper joints and gaps withing the wood. Epoxy glue uses two main components: A resin and a hardener. Epoxy glue has an advantage over the other typical wooden glue in terms of its binding strength. However, the process has its fair share of complexity in preparing the glue mix in proper proportions, depending on the project.